Does the Collection of Fluid Under One’s Skin Invalidate One’s Ablution?

Shaykh Abdurrahim Reasat answers a question related to the discharge of fluid under one’s skin and its effect on ablution, according to the Hanafi school of thought. In addition, he clarifies what is meant by an external agent.



Assalamu alaikum,
I am slightly confused regarding what is meant by an external agent in
In my case I washed my feet in the sink and one of my toes had a patch of peeled skin, caused from wearing new shoes. By me walking normally and the normal pressures applied on the foot be considered an external agent i.e. considered similar to squeezing? The little liquid that did exit didn’t go beyond the peeled skin, but is it considered pure despite the above, and does anything need to be washed?


Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh

The scenario you described above does not invalidate your wudu, and, because the liquid didn’t pass beyond the point of exit, your foot is deemed pure. Nothing needs to be washed.

The ‘agent’ referred to above would be anything which would make the blood/liquid exit and flow, such as squeezing.

The liquid is considered to have flowed if it exits and flows due to its own momentum. (Midani, al Lubab).

Don’t try to over-think it. The principle is simple. Remember, the Messenger of Allah said, “Indeed, the [practice of] the religion is ease itself, and no one makes the religion hard on themselves except that it overwhelms them.” (Bukhari).

I hope that helps.




Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani


What Should I Do If I Lost My Wudu While Leading Others In Prayer and I Neglected to Inform Them?

Answered by Ustadh Faraz A. Khan

Question:  I remember leading a friday jumuah prayer a few years ago. That morning I had emitted semen, and I took a shower and made ghusl, then went immediately to the Musalah. During the prayer I felt the emission of prostatic fluid (or whatever fluid it is that comes a while after ejaculation) I checked after the prayer and indeed it was that, it was released in the middle of prayer, first or second raka’ah.

My prayer was obviously invalid, if then it was that must mean that the prayer of those behind me was as well, by the time I realized it everyone had left, and I was embarrassed about the situation.

My question is what prayer should I make up myself? 2 raka’ats like Jumuah or 4 like Thuhur prayer? with what intention?

And secondly since those behind me must have had an invalid prayer, I don’t remember who was there, so I can’t tell them, Will I be accountable for their prayers? What can I do about it?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith.

Your prayer was invalidated by the emission, as was the prayer of the followers since you were leading as imam. Practically, however, there is nothing really you can do about their prayer. InshaAllah, in front of Allah, they will be fine as they did not know.

You should do the following:

(a) Make up the prayer as 4 rakats of zuhr, with the intention of a makeup (qada’) for that day.

(b) Make tawba and seek forgiveness from Allah for what happened. The default ruling is that it was obligatory on you to tell the congregation of what happened.

Our Beloved Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) stated: “Allah is more deserving of your feeling embarrassed than people.” [Mustadrak Hakim; Sunan Bayhaqi]

However, scholars do mention that when there is fear of confusion or fitna, one doesn’t need to inform the followers in such situations. Given the prevalence of ignorance, this is the position that is generally followed in our times.

(c) Perhaps donate some charity as an expression of your turning to Allah.

Remember that Allah is All-merciful; He takes people to account only based on their capacities. InshaAllah after taking the above steps, the matter will be resolved and left to the mercy of the Ever-generous, Most High.

And Allah alone gives success.


Faraz A. Khan

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani