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How Should I Perform Istibra'(Removing Urine)?

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Assalamu alaykum

How should I perform Istibra’ (removing urine)?

I always end up squeezing endlessly , always finding urine and I spend my day checking my underwears.

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh

I pray you are well.

I think the best thing for you to do is to

a. stop checking, and

b. stop squeezing.

These two things are making things difficult for you.

Istibraʾ should be quick and easy. Give yourself a gentle shake, wipe with a tissue, and carry on with your life. All the extra precautions and procedures are what make the matter worse. Make things as simple as possible for yourself. That’s all.

I hope that helps.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.

In Need of Advices for Ritual Purity.

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Assalamu alaykum

My condition is that I have an urge to frequently urinate.

I have seen that from 2 incidents that when I have actually gone to the bathroom I can see some substance thing at the tip.

The issue is that I cannot tell when this happens this I don’t know when my wudu is broken.

Would I be required to go to the bathroom prior to every prayer and check to see if anything has dried up?

I am looking to study the deen at a later point in my life. Could you please give me some advise and also are there examples of scholars of the past who have pursued the deen full time regardless of their illnesses?

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh

I pray you are well.

Don’t Obsess

Let’s keep things simple. If you see something has come out and dried then you can assume it did so at the most recent moment possible. In other words, if you made wudu and prayed, and then half an hour later you went to the bathroom only to find a dried substance, you can assume it happened within the last few minutes. The amount of time it was take to exit an dry – so within 5 or 10 minutes.

Beyond that, you do not need to have a routine of checking. Make wudu and pray. If you need to renew it or go to the bathroom, do so. If you are certain something has exited renew your wudu.

Getting Help

In all likeliness the discharge you see is wadi (prostatic fluid). This discharge usually exits before or after urination, but can exit when pressure is exerted on the prostate when sitting, etc, if the prostate is enlarged. This symptom and the need to urinate are commonly found together. Sometimes the cause of these issues is psychosomatic, so therapies like EFT can help.

Try to find a good practitioner of Tradition Chinese Medicine, as TCM can easily remedy you symptoms.

Don’t worry about ‘opening the hole’ and checking. This might open up a can of worms which will only complicate matters.

Studying and Trials

Your intention to go and study the region is commendable, and a huge blessing from Allah. Make your intention for Him alone, and find a reliable scholar and consult with him every step of the way.

As for trials – whether they take the form of illness, finances, or otherwise – they come no matter what. You can think of them as an occupational hazard. They are the means by which Allah helps a person grow.

Everyone is tested. In fact, there are many instances of the ulema serving the umma selflessly through teaching, writing, or otherwise, whilst mountains of trials are crumbling upon them. What is amazing is that Allah give them the ability to persist and keep serving the Muslims despite what they endure.

Shaykh Abdul Fattah Abu Ghudda wrote a whole book (Safahat Min Sabr al Ulamaʾ – Pages from the Patience of the Scholars) on the matter.

Make your intention for Allah and follow through. Know that what hits you was never going to miss, and what misses you was never going to hit. If Allah tests you He will also give you the ability to get through the tests too.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.

How Should I Clean Myself After Urinating?

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Assalamu alaykum

When doing istinja after urination, is it sufficient to wipe the urine with the toilet paper and then pour water over the tip of the penis? Or must ? rub the penis tip while washing it? If I do not use toilet paper, is simply pouring over the tip acceptable in this case or must rubbing be done as well?

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh

Thank you for your question.

After urinating one should take steps to prevent excess urine from leaking after one has finished, The means of attaining this vary from person to person. If simply pouring water suffices then that is fine, and if one needs to gentle squeeze, use toilet paper, gently cough etc, then all these are acceptable too( Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah).

From Purification to Gratitude

The basis of matters of purification is ease, so it opens one’s heart up to gratitude to Allah. We are told in sura al-Maʾida that ‘Allah does not wish to place any hardship on you; rather He wants to purify you and complete His favour on you so that you may prove thankful’ (5:6). Simply reflecting on the blessing of a toilet which flushes away and disposes the waste should lead us to much gratitude.

May Allah bless you with the best of both worlds.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.

How to Deal with Splashes of Urine?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

When I’m on the toilet I often urinate sideways so some urine goes on the part of my leg near my private parts. I first then wipe with toilet paper once then I pour water on my private parts and the part of leg surrounding that and I dry with toilet paper. However I am never sure what part of my leg the urine actually got on.I’m never sure of the validity of my prayers and cleanliness because I’m not sure if it’s waswas or if I’m being ignorant?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Your acts of purification and prayers are valid. If you get some urine on your person, simply pour some water over the area [no more than thrice] and wash it away. You can assume purity thereafter. Ignore misgivings and dwelling on matters of this nature.

Please also see: A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Should I Make Sure to Get Rid of Urine Drops Before Getting to Sleep?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

1. After urinating, I wipe myself once and wait about 5 minutes and I have to wipe again, as another drop follows. During the night I am unable to wait for 5 minutes and wipe the second time after 5 minutes because I cannot fall back asleep again easily. Is it permissible for me to only wipe the first time and to go to bed without waiting to wipe the second time?

2. After I make tayammum for Asr, is it permissible for me to pray a Nafl prayer before Asr, with one tayammum? Or, do I have to make another tayammum for Asr?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

1. It is generally from the sunna to maintain cleanliness and purity. But there is no expectation to “wait” for urine drops if you are returning to bed, except if you are reasonably sure that they will make one’s person filthy.

2. It is permissible to pray multiple prayers with a single dry ablution (tayammum). Yet, note that the dry ablution is only permissible in the case of a valid and permitting excuse. Otherwise, the prayer would be invalid.

Please also see: A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Is My Wudu Valid Despite Having Urine Drops on My Underwear?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

In my office there is nowhere to do wudu. I can go to the mosque at lunchtime but I use the toilet before at work, as I cannot hold it in and wait to go to the mosque. When I use the office toilets, I wait until as much drops of urine is finished, but there is always a slight stain afterwards on my underwear. Will my wudu be valid when I go to the mosque at lunchtime to pray?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

1. Your ritual ablution is valid because you can be reasonably certain that any potential drops of urine would have ceased by the time you reach the mosque. But it is important not to fall into misgivings regarding this matter.

2. Small amounts of major filth (approximately 5cm in diameter) are excusable when you aren’t able to do anything about it. Hence a small stain on your undergarments won’t affect the validity of your prayer.

Please also see: A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

What Should I Do When Urine Leaking Happens?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

If I have wudu and urine leaks in my pants do I need to wash myself and change my clothes before I can pray again? Also, what do I do if urine leaks out in the middle of my prayer?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

Purity is a condition for the validity of the prayer, but a small amount of filth on your clothing or person is excusable. Small is defined as less than 4-5cm in diameter.

Generally, you should be reasonably confident that the urine drops have ceased before performing the ritual ablution (wudu). Ignore misgivings.

Please see: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings) and: A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

I Suffer From Urinary Leakage Problems. Can I Be Excused All My Life?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

I always keep a tissue in my underwear. After urinating, a lot of urine leaks onto the tissue paper and after about 10 minutes the majority of urine that will leak has exited. Thereafter very small amounts leak that are impossible for me to feel.

I have ascertained that I was a ma’dhur (excused).

Was I correct?

2) Since I can only tell leakage by going to the bathroom and looking at the penile tip, can I please just assume the position of ma’dhur all my life?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

1. If you press a piece of tissue paper at the point of exit and no wetness appears on it, you can clean the private part (istinja’), sprinkle water over it and your undergarments, and move on. There is no duty to dwell, check or investigate the matter any further.

2. No, an excused person (ma’dhur) is in an exceptional state. Most people that think they are excused when it comes to bathroom matters, are simply experiencing misgivings and incorrectly applying the sunna.

for further details, please see: A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings and: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

What Should I Do After Finding What Might Be Urine?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

Today after taking a bath, I hadn’t urinated. After coming out of the bathroom and drying my penis, I noticed some water had come out of it. Should I ignore it thinking it is just the water I used to wash myself?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Yes, you should deem the water to be from the shower. The basis is that urine did not exit, unless you have clear signs to the contrary. Doubts are of no consideration.

Please also see: A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

Consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence (STEP)

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

How Can I Deal With Urine Drops Effectively? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

I have been having difficulty in staying pure and keeping my wudu after using the toilet. After I have used the washroom and cleaned myself according to the recommendations of the Shafi’i Madhab, I usually find a drop of liquid has exited my body. This will be very problematic for me, as I will be leaving home to study Arabic.

What can I do?

Answer: Wa alaykum al-Salam

May Allah accept your intention of studying the Arabic Language.

Many males have been afflicted with the problem you described. Below is some detail and possible solutions to your condition:

How Can I End Urine Drops Quickly? (Shafi’i)

Wassalam
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.