How Can I End Urine Drops Quickly? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

After using the bathroom I use toilet paper to clean up the remaining drops of urine. This however takes a very long time. Everytime I squeeze and get rid of the drop another one takes it’s place. Do I have to get rid of the drops that are stuck?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalam

Jazak Allah khayr for your question.

Ensuring one cleans oneself correctly when using the lavatory is of utmost importance. The Messenger. Allah bless him and give him peace, walked by two graves on one occasion and said, “They are being punished (in their graves) for something which was not difficult to avoid. One of them did not avoid soiling himself with urine (while using the lavatory) and the other used to carry tales.” [Al-Bukhari]. What this effectively means is that one should take care and be sure that he has cleaned himself correctly after urinating or passing stool.

The condition you may be suffering from is called post-micturition dribble (PMD), or after-dribble. It is a common problem, in varying degrees, among men of all ages. Acknowledging the commonness of the condition, our jurist advised one to practice istibra’ or ensuring one relieves the urethra from residual urine.

Imam al-Nawawi stated in his al-Majmu‘, “al-Istibra’ or evacuating residual urine from the urethra differs from person to person. What is required is for the individual to have predominant thought that the urethra is cleared from urine that he fears may exit. Some may achieve this by the slightest squeeze. Others may have to squeeze repeatedly. Some may have to cough. While others may not need to do any of the above. It is essential though that one does not become afflicted with waswasa (doubtful whispering).”

What has proven to be very effective and may shorten the time it takes for droplets of urine to stop appearing, is to massage the bulbar section of the urethera as explained below:

• Bulbar urethral massage: The patient can be taught bulbar urethral massage, also known as bulbar urethral elevation or urethral milking. The patient is taught to place his fingers behind his scrotum after voiding and to gently massage his bulbar urethra in a forwards and upwards direction. This ‘milks’ the urine retained in the bulbar urethra out of the urethra. Teaching the patient to tighten his pelvic floor muscles prior to undertaking bulbar urethral massage may help to prevent further leakage (Dorey, 2000). [Understanding post-micturition dribble incontinence in men: NT 22 July 2003 Vol 99 No 29]

In conclusion, it is a requirement for you to ensure that the droplets of urine have been removed. Using any of the above methods will most certainly shorten the period that it takes to clear up. Possibly the best long term solution would pelvic floor exercises. If your situation does not improve, you may consult a doctor.

And Allah knows best.


[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Photo: Emdot

Is the Blanket of a Bed in Which My Son Has Urinated Impure?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

My son has urinated in his pyjamas while sleeping. He had two blankets covering him of which it is hard to see the traces of urine on them. I felt the blankets but could not find it wet.

1. Are the blankets now impure?

2. Has carrying the blankets made me impure?

Answer: Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah,

1. The basis is that if there is no trace of impurity on the blanket, it would not be deemed filthy. [And, in any case, the only part which would be filthy, if affirmed, is the point of contact, and not the entire blanket.]

2. No, if the assumption is purity, there is no need to worry about any type of filth transfer.

Generally, if a wet, filthy object comes into contact with a dry, pure object, the latter is not deemed filthy except if the traces of filth are clearly manifest. Traces being color, taste or smell.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah with Tahtawi’s Gloss (1.225); ‘Ala’ al-Din ‘Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-‘Ala’iyya (49)]

Please also see: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings) and Filth, Carpets and Misgivings.

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

What Is the Correct Method to Clean a Baby Who Urinates in the Bathtub as I Wash Him?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salamu alaykum,

What is the correct method to clean a baby who urinates in the bathtub as I wash him?

My wife refuses to wash him down on the basis that only a small amount urine has been added to the larger volume of clean water.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

Legally, the urine of a baby is the same as the urine of an adult, namely, ritually filthy. Thus, if it falls into a small body of water, such as a bath tub, it would make the entire contents filthy and unsuitable for ritual purification.

As for the tradition (hadith) in which the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) “sprinkled water” over a baby’s urine, it is understood to refer to washing by pouring water over the area, as the commentators explain.

However, bearing in mind the hardship involved in bathing the baby in water at an appropriate temperature, and the fact that the baby obviously isn’t called upon to be in a state of ritual purification, his urinating in the tub would be somewhat excusable.

Nevertheless, you would still need to wash your own hands afterwards to rid them of the traces of filthy water, and similarly any traces on your person in the case of splashes and the like. Having said that, what would be superior is to give him a brief rinse at the end with some clean water as doing otherwise would be contrary to propriety and the way of excellence.

[Mawsili, al-Ikhtiyar li Ta`lil al-Mukhtar (1.114)]

Please also see: Are the Urine, Feces and Vomit of a Baby Filthy According to the Maliki School?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.

Do I Need to Perform a Ritual Bath After Wetting My Bed With Urine During My Sleep?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu alaykum,

Do I need to perform a ritual bath after wetting my bed with urine during my sleep?

How can I know if sperm has also exited?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

No, you do not have to perform a ritual bath (ghusl) after wetting the bed. However, you do need to wash that area of your body so that it becomes purified again.

As for the exiting of sexual fluids, this would necessitate a bath if certain conditions are met. Please see: Wet Dreams and Ritual Purity: A Reader

And Allah Most High alone knows best.


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

I Always Think That I Have Lost My Wudu During Prayer. What Can I Do?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question:As salam alaykum,

Praying for me has become a very difficult task. I have difficulty sustaining Wudu, as I have confusions regarding whether or not I passed wind. Most of the time, I have to stop mid-prayer and repeat the entire process. Also, I feel as if I have urine issues.

These occurrences really discourage me.

What can I do?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Ask Allah Most High to lift your hardship, and read The OCD Workbook by Bruce Hyman.

Feelings are of no legal consequence. Further, you are only responsible to the extent of your ability, which is in responding to situations which arise. As for “it may not have been valid,” this is simply neurotic misgivings and advertisements from Hell, from a devil who hopes you end up leaving Islam.

Pray, paying no attention to feelings and thoughts, and rely upon Allah Most High. Ibn Ata’illah al-Sikandari said, “From amongst the signs of relying upon actions is the lessening of hope when slips occur.” [al-Hikam]

Please see: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings) and: A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings

And Allah Most High alone knows best.


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Jorge Quinteros

Is It Permissible to Use a Soap With Cow Urine in It?

Answered by Shaykh Umer Mian

Question: Assalam alaikum,

We have a new brand of ayurvedic soap in India which has cow fat and cow urine in its ingredients in addition to other herbs. Is it permissible to use it ?

Answer: Wa alaikum as-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

It is stated in the relied-upon Hanafi fiqh manual al-Durr al-Mukhtar:

وَبَوْلُ مَأْكُولِ اللَّحْمِ نَجِسٌ
“The urine of animals whose meat is permissible to eat is najis.”

Therefore, cow urine is najis (legally impure) and impermissible to use.

The Messenger of Allah (SallAllahu alaihi wa sallam) has been reported to have said:

اسْتَنْزِهُوا مِنَ الْبَوْلِ فَإِنَّ عَامَّةَ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ مِنْهُ
(رواه الدارقطني عن أبي هريرة)
“Keep away from urine, for verily most of the punishment of the grave is due to it.” (Narrated by al-Daraqutni from Abu Hurayrah).


Can You Advise Me on the Proper Way to Avoid Excessive Doubts After Using the Restroom?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum.

I use a lot of water to clean myself after relieving myself. If not I feel I have not purified myself. I spend a lot of time checking for possible urine drops.

Doing istinja takes me about 30-40 minutes and this causes trouble to my family. Can you advise me on this?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

Seek refuge from the devil, and make a short supplication before you begin.

Do not try to be cautious. Mind talk delights the devil– the one who actually seeds such misgivings.

You need to ignore your “feelings,” and leave investigation and “being convinced.” Your washings should not exceed seven. Pouring and then rubbing is considered one washing.

Most of what you mention is excessiveness and misgivings, and not what the scholars of Islam said to do.

Please also see: A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah alone knows best.


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Should I Wash My Private Parts Each Time I Do Wudu Because of Being Excused Due to Incontinence?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaikum,

1. I have a weak bladder so I cant keep my wudu while praying. Do I need to do istinja everytime I do wudu?

2. Is it necessary for me to sit down and pray? Should I put something around the area to stop the leaking or would a pad be sufficient?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

(1) No, you do not need to perform istinja’ every time you do wudu because the istinja’ is a sunna, and not obligatory.

(2) Yes, you would need to take the means such that you can pray without any urine exiting, even if that means praying seated on the floor, for example.

May Allah grant you every shifa’ and `afiya. I’d advise consulting a doctor who can help diagnose your condition so that you can seek out the best solution for your worship thereby.

And Allah knows best.


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is It Permissible to Not Fast While at My Destination If I Intend to Stay There 6 Days? How Urinary Incontinence Should Be Dealt With Regarding Prayer? (Shafi’i School)

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaykum,

1) I intend to travel to another country during Ramadan. I will reach my destination on the afternoon of the 12th of July and stay till the afternoon of the 18th of July (inshaAllah). Would I be permitted not to fast while at my destination?

2) I suffer from discharge of urine drops. For every prayer, I cleanse myself, wrap a tissue around my private part to prevent the filth from spreading and then take wudhu. Sometimes, the tissue comes off when I’m making wudhu. If I pray without the tissue on and some urine drops are discharged during prayer, is my prayer valid?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

In the Shafi’i school:

1) It would not be permissible for you to not fast while at your destination, because you intend to remain there for at least four days (not including the day you arrive and the day you leave), the period the school considers sufficient in not considering you a traveler. Not counting the day you arrive and the day you leave, your period of residence would be five days, the thirteenth to the seventeenth.

2) If the tissue comes off while performing wudu because one hasn’t put it on properly, leading to urine being discharged during prayer, the wudu and prayer would be invalid. Prior to performing wudu, a person with urinary incontinence would be required to wash their private parts, cover it, and reasonably ensure that it is held in place, such that impurities cannot unnecessarily spread to one’s clothing.

May Allah grant you health and well-being.

Source: al-Hawashi al-Madaniyyah

Shuaib Ally

Waiting for Urine to Stop and Wudu

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: I have a condition where urine drops come out when I go to the toilet. It stops after 15 minutes or sometimes longer. I was told to just make a fresh wuhdu for every prayer, because i have a genuine medical problem. After going through some related questions I’ve found out i should wait until it ceases then do wudhu. However if im working its just not practical to be spending that long because i will be spending a lot of time for every prayer. If I wake up for fajr and only have 30 minutes to pray my normal procedure of doing wudhu for each prayer would allow me to pray on time but if i have to wait , i will miss my prayer. Situations like this make me lose hope and make me feel depressed because its not easy unless you are home all day. Do I have to wait or do I just do what makes things easier and make a wudhu for each prayer?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
It is obligatory to wait until the drops of urine have ceased before performing the ablution (wudu). It is neither permitted nor valid to perform the ablution (wudu) before you are reasonably sure that the urine drops have stopped. [`Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya; Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]
[1] Performing istinja’ (cleaning oneself) from filth that exits one’s private parts is a confirmed sunna.
[2] Istinja’ is not a condition for the validity of the ablution (wudu).
[3] If one does not need to go to the toilet, one should simply perform the ablution (wudu) and pray.
[4] If one genuinely fears that one will miss their prayer by relieving oneself, one should just perform the ablution (wudu) and pray.
[5] A solution for work may be to use the bathroom and then return a little later to perform the ablution (wudu). Walking usually ensures the remaining drops exit.
Also, use the following guidelines when performing istinja’:
[i] After using the toilet, wait a few moments to make sure all remaining drops exit,
[ii] Squeeze and slightly twist the private part,
[iii] Wipe the private part with toilet paper,
[iv] Wash the private part with water three or so times, and
[v] Sprinkle water onto your clothes and private parts.
After this, unless you are certain that drops have exited, you should ignore any feelings and suppositions you may have.
Realize that this is a test from Allah and “truly with hardship comes ease” [94:6]. Remember that “Allah does not burden souls with more than they can manage” [2:286]. Have conviction in the mercy of Allah. Rejoice in His blessings upon you. Take the means to learn the sunna of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) in all matters, apply them, and express gratitude to Allah for having being guided.
Please also see: What Should I Do About Left Over Drops Of Urine? and
A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)
And Allah alone gives success.
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani