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Can a Hindu Man Marry a Muslim Woman Under Special Marriages Act?

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

A friend of mine is interested in a muslim girl but she told him that caste (religion) is the problem. She also told him that she likes him very much. Both work in the same organisation and have known each other for 2 years. She is confused as she can’t go against her family. She even told him that they have to separate as marriage would create problems among the two families. What could be a good solution to their problems?

Answer: Hi

Islam respects all human beings, irrespective of their background or religious inclination. In addition, Islam emphasizes maintaining good and peaceful relationships between Muslims and non-Muslims in so far as socializing, business dealings and all other interactions are concerned. Our Prophet Muhammad sallaLlahu alayhi wasallam returned home one day and found that they were gifted a lamb. He then enquired from his family saying with concern, “have you gifted some of the meat to our Jewish neighbour?” He repeated the same question thrice and said, “Gabriel continued advising me to maintain good ties with neighbours that I thought he would declare the neighbour as an heir.”

Nonetheless, despite the love and care Muslims should show all other religious denominations, it is not allowed in our Sacred Law for a Muslim female to marry a non-Muslim male.

Thank you for your query and may God bless you.

And Allah knows best

[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Can I Attend a Muslim Wedding Ceremony to a Hindu?

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

My cousin will be marrying a Hindu woman who does not plan to convert to Islam before the wedding. He has also agreed to have the wedding conducted according to Hindu customs and rituals.

Would it be permissible for a Muslim to attend this wedding? If not, how does one continue family ties?

Answer: Wa alaykum al-Salam

Shukran for your question.

While a Muslim male may marry a Jewish or Christian female, with certain conditions of course, none of the schools of Islamic jurisprudence permits him to marry a Hindu. The marriage is thus not valid or permissible and attending would tantamount to the intentional witnessing of haram and the tacit approval thereof as well. Consequently, it will not be permissible for you to attend such a Nikah.

This however should not be the cause for severing family ties altogether. Yes, make him aware that you disapprove of his marriage, don’t attend his wedding or wedding anniversary or any gathering that may lend support to this marriage, but still maintain contact. Pray for him and her, be a source of encouragement for them both. You may even visit them with this intention as long as this wrong doing of his does not become something that’s accepted in your family.

Regarding joining family ties with wrongdoers you may read further here: How to Avoid Cutting Ties With People and Bad Company at the Same Time?

And Allah knows best

Wassalam
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Can I Marry a Hindu Man Once He Converts to Islam?

Answered by Shaykh Jamir Meah

Question: Assalamu alaykum

I am in a relationship with a Hindu man. We have decided to marry. I have told him to convert to Islam before marriage and he agreed. Can I marry him after his conversion?

Answer: Jazakum Allah khayr for your question. May Allah reward you in trying to do things correctly.

A Muslim woman may only marry a Muslim man. Therefore, if the man in question becomes a Muslim and then you both marry, the marriage would be valid, even if there was a relationship prior to the marriage which was not permissible.

Relationships outside of marriage

You mention that you have been in a relationship for many years. Due to Islam’s concern for the sanctity of marriage, the preservation of chastity and lineage, and the modesty of believers in general, relationships outside of marriage are not permissible, even if non-physical. In many ways, people who have been in relationships with each other prior to marriage, marrying each other would be the best thing to do.

Contact

I would encourage you to first refrain from any contact with each other before he becomes Muslim. It would be best to guide him to a family member, friend, or local scholar or Imam who can advise him on how to become a Muslim. You should do this without delay. If there is no one else to guide him, then you may advise him on how to take the Shahada, and have two witnesses be present.

Once he becomes Muslim, and you both want to marry, then there is no harm you meeting as long as it is in the presence of one of your mehrams.

Repentance

It would also be a good idea to pray the prayer of repentance and sincerely ask Allah to forgive any wrong doing and falling into the impermissible. This way you will start your marriage on the right footing.

Knowledge

Lastly, before you marry, you should both learn the rules and guidance pertaining to marriage in order to have a blessed and happy union. I recommend that you take the free ‘Practical Guidance for Successful Marriages’ course that SeekersHub offer.

May Allah grant you both to success and to what pleases Him.

Warmest salams,
[Shaykh] Jamir Meah

Shaykh Jamir Meah grew up in Hampstead, London. In 2007, he traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he spent nine years studying the Islamic sciences on a one-to-one basis under the foremost scholars of the Ribaat, Tarim, with a main specialization and focus on Shafi’i fiqh. In early 2016, he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continues advanced studies in a range of Islamic sciences, as well as teaching. Jamir is a qualified homeopath.

Is It Permissible for a Muslim to Permanently Stay at a House Containing Hindu Idols? [Shafi’i]

Answered by Shaykh Jamir Meah

Question: Assalamu alaykum

1. Is it permissible for a Muslim to permanently stay at a house containing Hindu idols?

2. Will my worship be affected?

3. People say that angels do not enter a home that has idols. Thus, it is not protected from shaytan. Is it true?

4. Is it a must to purify a house that was previously occupied by a non-Muslim?


5. Are there certain prayers to be done when moving into a new place?

Answer: In the Name of God, the Merciful and Compassionate

Thank you for your question. May Allah grant you the best of states and guide you to what is pleasing to Him.

1. Is it permissible for a Muslim to permanently stay at this house for up to a year or two?

There is a difference of opinion in the Shafi’i school whether one is permitted to enter into a house (or room) where there are images or statues of animate beings. Many hold that it is impermissible, while others have stated it is disliked. The latter being the reliable opinion (that it is disliked).

(Note: This ruling differs to the ruling for entering such places when invited to a festive feast or when entering a place of worship (e.g. church), in which there is no difference of opinion regarding its prohibition, unless one’s presence will lead to the removal of the objects)

As for when the prohibited items are in the building, but not in the same room that one is staying, then it is permissible (without dislike).

Likewise, if the images are only above the front door and the hallway (and not in the room one is), then it is also permissible.

[Hashiyat Tuhfa al Muhtaj, Mughni al Muhtaj, Iyanat al Talibin]

2. Will my ibadah be affected? Will blessings and du’a be blocked? Is du’a blocked due to sins?

Your worship itself will not be affected as long as your own state is good, and you remain sincere in your supplications, insha’Allah.

It is true that sins affect the acceptance of supplication. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ‘[A man] stretches his hands out toward the sky and says, ‘O Lord, O Lord,’ while his food is unlawful, his drink is unlawful, his clothing unlawful and his nourishment is unlawful. How is he to be answered [in such a state]?’ [Muslim].

What this hadith is referring to is sins in which the person is directly involved in, and not incidental circumstances, such as making supplication in a place which it is disliked to be.

We will discuss blessings below.

3. Also, people say that angels do not enter a home that has idols, statues or even sculptures of living things. Thus, this house is not protected from shaytan and jinn, and it and its occupants are not blessed. I would like to ask for your clarification on this.

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ‘The Angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a picture.’ [Bukhari, Muslim].

Imam Nawawi explains, ‘Those angels that do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a picture are angels who bring mercy and blessings and forgiveness. As for [those angels that bring] protection, they enter into every house.’ [Rawhda al Talibin].

Therefore, while angels of mercy, blessings and forgiveness do not enter into the house, the angels of protection do. Obviously one should say their regular daily invocations, sunna dua’s and recite Qur’an for further protection.

Also, if there are no prohibited objects in your room, there is nothing to say that you will not receive blessings of some kind in that specific area.

4. Is it a must to purify a house that was previously occupied by a non-Muslim?

No, it is not obligatory. though if there was something previously in the house which we deem to be filth, such as a dog or alcohol, then one should give the house a good clean.

5. Are there certain prayers to be done when moving into a new place?

There isn’t any specific supplication or du’a for entering into a new home. However, the following are good practices:

1. Whenever you enter the house say the Ta’awudh (أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم ), Bismillah, and then,

أعوذ بكلمات التامات من شر ما خلق
I seek refuge in the Perfect Word of Allah from the evil of what He has created

It is narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, ‘When anyone lands at a place, and then says, ‘I seek refuge in the Perfect Words of Allah from the evil of what He has created’, nothing will harm him until he leaves that place’. [Muslim].

2. Recite Surah Al-Baqarah in the rooms which you will be spending time in. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, ‘Offer some of your prayers at home, and do not take your houses as graves. In fact, Satan flees from the house where Surah al Baqarah is recited’ [Muslim]

3. Keep the house alive by reading Quran, dhikr, and praying. Play Qur’an on audio in the house daily.

Conclusion

As a general rule, it is always better for a Muslim to stay clear of anywhere where there are prohibited objects, particularly statues of deities.

However, since you said that it was difficult to find a place to stay during your work (and I assume it would be difficult to find somewhere else to stay, or at least at the same cost), and your friend offered her place to you and kindly stored away the main objects, it is obvious that there are many reasons for taking up the offer, and therefore it would be permissible for you to stay there.

If at all possible, I would suggest trying to cover the remaining items while you are there. Perhaps light cloth draped over each item will suffice.

I wish you all the best in your studies. May Allah protect you and us.

Warmest salams,
[Shaykh] Jamir Meah

Shaykh Jamir Meah grew up in Hampstead, London. In 2007, he traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he spent nine years studying the Islamic sciences on a one-to-one basis under the foremost scholars of the Ribaat, Tarim, with a main specialization and focus on Shafi’i fiqh. In early 2016, he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continues advanced studies in a range of Islamic sciences, as well as teaching. Jamir is a qualified homeopath.

Can I Marry a Hindu Woman?

Answered by Ustadha Raidah Shah Idil

Question: I am in a relationship with a Hindu girl. I feel it is necessary to tell her about Islam, but she is not convinced. She wants to stay Hindu even after marriage. Is it right for me to marry her and continue to convince her about Islam?

Answer: Assalamualaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray this finds you well. May Allah soften her heart to Islam, and grant you the strength to do what is best for both of you.

Marriage

“Do not marry unbelieving women until they believe […] And do not marry (your women) to unbelievers until they believe.” [Quran 2:221]

Your marriage contract with a Hindu woman will be invalid. It is impermissible for you to marry her.

Although it must be hard for you to hear this, love is not enough to make a marriage successful. Please complete this online course to help you understand the spirit and law behind marriage in Islam. Islamic Marriage: Guidance for Successful Marriage and Married Life

Hope in Allah

Remember the Prophetic promise that if you leave something for Allah’s sake, then He will replace it with something better.

No matter how stuck you feel right now, trust that Allah has the power to make a way out for you. You just need to do your part. Please listen to this podcast: Positive Spiritual Thinking: Choosing Mindfulness (taqwa) and Embracing Trust (tawakkul) by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Guidance

“Verily! You guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are the guided.” [Qur’an, 28:56]

Nobody can be convinced to become Muslim. Only those who are sincere will be guided by Allah. That being said, Allah is the Turner of hearts, and anything is possible with His help.

Solutions

Please perform the Prayer of Need and ask Allah to help guide the woman you wish to marry.

Please perform the Prayer of Guidance up til seven times about what to do. If Allah inspires her to embrace Islam, then that is a sign that marriage to her is good for you. If she remains opposed to Islam, then this is a clear sign that marriage to her is unwise.

Future children

It has been narrated on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar that the Prophet Muhammad (upon him be blessings and peace) said: “Beware! Every one of you is a shepherd and every one is answerable with regard to his flock. The Caliph is a shepherd over the people and shall be questioned about his subjects (as to how he conducted their affairs). A man is a guardian over the members of his family and shall be questioned about them (as to how he looked after their physical and moral well-being). A woman is a guardian over the household of her husband and his children, and shall be questioned about them (as to how she managed the household and brought up the children). A slave is a guardian over the property of his master and shall be questioned about it (as to how he safeguarded his trust). Beware! Every one of you is a guardian and every one of you shall be questioned with regard to his trust.” [Sahih Muslim]

Mothers are often the primary caregivers of children. What religion do you want your children to be raised on?

I pray that Allah grants you the strength to do what pleases Him, and what will ultimately benefit you in both worlds.

Please refer to the following links:

Can a Muslim Man Marry a Sikh or a Hindu?
Marriage in Islam: A Reader
Rights of Children in Detail

Wassalam,
Raidah

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Danumurthi Mahendra

Is a Marriage to a Non-Muslim Woman Valid? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaykum,

If a Muslim man is in a relationship with a non-Muslim woman and she falls pregnant and then they get married, but she is not a person of the book, is the marriage valid islamically? If a child is conceived out of wedlock but the parents marry by the time he/she is born is the child classed as illegitimate or legitimate?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

It is not legally permissible for a Muslim man to marry a non-Muslim woman who does not fall within the category of ‘people of the book’.
If a Muslim man were to nevertheless do so, that marriage contract would be invalid; that is, it would not be legally recognized.

When is a Child Considered Illegitimate?

Legitimacy or illegitimacy has to do primarily with attribution of the child to the father, and includes derivative rules related to inheritance, guardianship and marriage.

If a child is born to a validly married couple in a period in which the child could have been conceived in this valid marriage, it would be attributed to the father.

The lower limit for the duration of a pregnancy for legal purposes is six months. Therefore, if a man were to marry a woman and she were then to give birth three months later, the child would not be attributed to the father. If she were to give birth shortly after six months, the child would be.

Please see also: Can a Muslim Man Marry a Sikh or a Hindu?

Shuaib Ally

Is It Permissible to Marry a Buddhist Woman?

Answered by Ustadh Shuaib Ally

Question: As salam alaikum,

Are interfaith marriages with hindus or buddhists permissible?

Answer: wa `alaykum assalam

Scholars generally hold it permissible, with some conditions, for Muslim males to marry women who are considered ‘people of the book’ (Jews and Christians). This is based on the verse: “[Also lawful] are chaste, believing, women as well as chaste women of the people who were given the Scripture before you, as long as you have given them their bride-gifts and married them, not taking them as lovers or secret mistresses…” [Qur’an, 5:5].

It is unanimously considered impermissible for Muslims, male or female, to marry someone who would fall within any other category (such as Hindus and Buddhists).

This is because of a general ruling established by the following two verses:

-“Do not marry idolatresses until they believe: a believing slave woman is certainly better than an idolatress, even though she may please you. And do not give your women in marriage to idolaters until they believe: a believing slave is certainly better than an idolater, even though he may please you…” [Qur’an, 2:221]
-“…And do not yourselves hold on to marriage ties with disbelieving women” [Qur’an, 60:10]
These verses, Ibn Qudamah explains, establish a general ruling, with the verse cited earlier (5:5) providing the lone exception for people of the book. Any others remain governed by the original general ruling, that of prohibition. He notes that there is no scholarly disagreement on this ruling.

The Kuwait Encyclopedia of Islamic Law notes, “Jurists have agreed that it is impermissible for one to marry a woman who does not follow a divinely revealed religion, and does not believe in a Messenger nor a revealed scripture…”

Please see also: Sikhism and Interfaith Marriage

Source: al-Mughni; al-Mawsu’ah al-Fiqhiyya al-Kuwaytiyya

Shuaib Ally

Can a Muslim Man Marry a Sikh or a Hindu?

Answered by Ustadha Sulma Badrudduja

Question: Can a Muslim man marry a sikh or hindu girl?…If not, what are the reasons and consequences of it…..if that couple really wants to marry each other then what should they do?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope this message reaches you in the best of iman and health.

Allah Most High says, “Do not marry unbelieving women until they believe […] And do not marry (your women) to unbelievers until they believe.” [Quran 2:221]

It is clear that Allah has not made it permissible for Muslims to marry non-Muslims, though there is an exception for Muslim men to marry women from the People of the Book (i.e. Jews and Christians).  Hanafi scholars have pointed out that even this exception is in many cases disliked or even sinful if one cannot be sure that it will not influence one’s religious devotion or beliefs, or that of one’s children.

Among the many wisdoms of this ruling is the preservation of the religion of Islam and prevention of harm to one’s religious foundation. This ruling is an insight into the importance of the sacred trust one undertakes by marrying, having children, and raising them to be obedient God-conscious servants.

In terms of consequence, one’s marriage would not be valid if they married one other than whom Allah has permitted for them, and therefore the man and woman would be considered to be living outside of wedlock.

Muslims should guard their personal interactions according to the teachings of Islam. If a Muslim gets himself or herself in a situation where they desperately want to marry one with whom marriage is not permissible, they should immediately pull away and  speak to a scholar.

The scholar should be able to evaluate the situation and determine which of the two options is more suitable: (1) proposing the idea to the non-Muslim to study Islam and adopt the faith so that there can be a valid marriage or (2) asking the couple to leave the relationship altogether.

It will no doubt take one time to heal if strong feelings had developed, but no one leaves something for the sake of Allah except that He rewards them and replaces their loss with something better for them. Allah Most High says, “And those who strive for Us – We will surely guide them to Our ways. And indeed, Allah is with the doers of good.” [Quran 29:69]

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,
Sulma