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Is It Permissible for a Woman to Pursue Her Studies in a Foreign Country Without a Mahram?

Answered by SeekersHub Answers Service

Question: Assalam Alaikum,

Does the Hanafi school deem permissible for a woman to pursue higher education in a foreign country without a mahram?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

According to the Maliki school, a woman may travel by herself without a mahram as long as the trip is not longer than 24 hours.

Please see: Can a Women Travel Alone for Islamic Educational Purposes? [Maliki School]

It is permitted to take a dispensation from another school in the presence of a need or benefit.

Please see: Do I Have to Follow Every Single Ruling of My School of Thought?

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

SeekersHub Answers Service

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Does a Woman Passing in Front of a Praying Person Invalidate His Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

Does a woman passing in front of a praying person invalidate the prayer? I have found two hadiths in Sahih muslim regarding this issue indicating that the answer to this question is yes.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

I pray this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

The legal ruling

No, a woman passing in front of a praying person does not invalidate the prayer, and neither does the passing by of anything else.

However, the person passing in front of the one praying may incur sin, or vice versa (i.e. the person praying may incur sin), depending on certain considerations. [see attached answer]

How to understand the hadiths regarding the passing of a woman in front of a praying person?

As for the traditions which seem to indicate that the prayer is invalidated by the passing of a woman, they are understood to mean that the person’s humble worshipfulness (khushu`) is nullified, by the distraction and disturbance caused, or that the prayer is deficient due to the heart being busied, and not that the actual prayer itself is invalidated.

Please also see: Am I Sinful For Passing in Front of a Praying Person Even When I Have No Choice?

[Kasani, Bada`i al-Sana`i; Nawawi, Sharh Sahih Muslim]

And Allah Most High knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is It Obligatory for Women to Wash All Their Hair After Intercourse?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

Do women have to wash their hair fully after intercourse? What if one has dry hair and does not want to wash it more than once/twice a week to keep it healthy? What if one has spent time and a fortune in straightening her hair?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

After sexual intercourse, the entire body must be washed. However, there is a dispensation for women in that they can braid their hair before bathing, and then only wash to the roots of the head itself, and not all of the hair on the head.

Umm Salama asked the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) about her braided hair and the ritual bath (ghusl) and he said, “it suffices for you to throw three handfuls of water over your head.” [Tirmidhi]

Please also see: Can a Woman Braid Her Hair Just Before Performing a Ghusl to Avoid to Wash All of It?

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Do I Need to Renew My Wudu at the Slightest Sexual Thought?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

Does sexual discharge for a woman occur at the slightest sexual thought?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

The basis is that pre-sexual fluid (madhi) is released upon sexual excitement. Clear vaginal discharge, however, is not filthy, nor does it invalidate your ablution (wudu) because it is considered to be akin to sweating.

It is unlikely that you are experiencing the former at the mere notion of an intimate experience. Ignore misgivings, and consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence (STEP)

See also: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Can a Woman Braid Her Hair Just Before Performing a Ghusl to Avoid to Wash All of It?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

1. Does a woman’s hair need to be braided prior the act which has resulted in Ghusl (relations with her husband…) or can she just breaid them before she enters the shower?

2. Is it still valid if a female has her hair in a “bun” whereby the top/root of her head will predominantly be wet but the rest of her long hair will not be?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

(1) No, she only needs to have her hair braided before beginning her shower.

(2) No, the dispensation relates to braids and not simply having your hair tied up. As such, she would need to let her hair down and wash all of it.

Please also see: The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked Acts

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Can a Woman Pray in Public?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum

May women pray in a public space (such as an airport or mall) if she doesn’t have access to a secluded area for prayer, and assuming it
would be possible for others, including non-mahrams, to see her?

If she is traveling and does not have access to a secluded area to pray, is it permissible for her to combine rather than pray in an area where non-mahrams may see her?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

Yes, you must pray even if you cannot find a private space to pray in. However, you should take the means and plan beforehand so that you can fulfil your obligations without falling into difficulty or hardship.

As for taking dispensations, this is permitted in cases of need or benefit. Please see: The Path of Taqwa: Avoiding Differences of Opinion and: Can a Hanafi Follow the Shafi’i Opinion on Joining Prayers When Traveling?

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Can a Woman Differentiate Between Mani and Madhi?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salaamu alaykum,

I am confused about when ghusl is obligatory on me, I cannot differentiate between mani and madhi How can I do this?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

The ritual bath (ghusl) is obligatory after the release of ejaculate (mani) which normally follows a sexual climax (orgasm).

Pre-sexual fluid (madhi), on the other hand, is released during sexual excitement, yet only necessitates a ritual ablution (wudu).

Please also see: The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked Acts

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Can I Perform an Obligatory Hajj Without a Mahram? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaykum,

I am an educated female, never married, teaching in a university. Can I perform hajj with a female colleague going with her mahram? My parents have given permission to proceed to the holy journey.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

It is permissible for a woman to perform an obligatory Hajj without a mahram, even were she to travel alone, so long as she is reasonably sure of her well-being. Traveling with a woman and her mahram also accomplishes this goal.
Beyond the legal permissibility, you should also ensure that your travel plans accord with the host country’s rules and regulations in place for the pilgrimage.

Source: al-Hawashi al-Madaniyyah

Please see also: Can a Women Travel Alone for Islamic Educational Purposes? [Maliki School]

Shuaib Ally

Is It Permissible to Elect a Woman as Head of the MSA?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: There was some controversy amongst our student body as to whether it was permissible to elect a female head of the MSA. Some people took the position that it was religiously unacceptable while others fought for the right of a female to be president. My question is, what is the actual Islamic legal position regarding female leadership?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

It is permitted for a woman to assume such leadership positions.

The common hadith that is cited to justify the ruling of impermissibility is the statement of the Prophet (God bless him) that, “No nation shall prosper who consign their affairs to a woman.” [Bukhari, Muslim] However, leading scholars have stated that this only applies to a particular form of political authority, namely one that is autocratically exercised over a people that properly constitute a ‘nation’ (qawm). [al-Quduri, al-Tajrid; al-Thanawi, Imdad al-Fatawa]

Clearly, the MSA is not a ‘nation’ and nor is the head of an MSA an autocrat. Therefore, a woman being head of the MSA does not enter into the prohibition of the hadith mentioned previously.

Salman

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Can A Husband & Wife Pray in Congregation?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: When a husband leads his wife alone in prayer, where does wife stand? Is it better for them to pray in congregation or pray alone?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Walaikum assalam,

It is best for her to stand completely behind her husband, though it is valid, according to the relied upon opinion, as long as his heel is in front of hers. [Radd al-Muhtar]

It is not disliked for a man to pray in congregation with his wife alone. In fact, the basic reward of praying in congregation is attained in this way. It is better, for the man, to pray in congregation with his wife than alone if he misses congregational prayer in the mosque. [Radd al-Muhtar]

This is very useful for people whose work schedule makes them miss maghrib or isha in the mosque; they should make arrangements with their spouses to pray together. However, the fuqaha caution that this would be blameworthy to make a habit without excuse, as it is expected of Muslim men that they pray at the mosque.

Abu Hurayra (Allah be pleased with him) related that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said, “If people knew what [reward] there is in the call to prayer and the first row, and then they found no way but to draw ots [to attain them], they would have drawn lots. And if they knew what [reward] there is in being early, they would have raced each other to it. And if they knew what [reward] there is in the night prayer [isha] and dawn prayer, they would come to it, even if crawling.” [Bukhari 580, and elsewhere]

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Faraz Rabbani