08: Recitation of the Quran – Renewal by the Book: Quran Tafsir Based on Imam Ghazali’s Ihya – Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

In this lesson, Shaykh Faraz looks at the key verses in the Quran corresponding to the eighth chapter of Imam Ghazali’s Ihya: Etiquettes of Reciting the Quran. He highlights the verses 29-34 from Surah Fatir, which detail the merits of the people of the Quran. These verses were referred to by the early Muslims as the verses of the Quran reciters.

Those who recite the book of Allah and act upon it, they pray, give in charity and fulfill the commands of Allah so Allah promises them a tremendous reward. Allah rewards those who recite the Quran and live it and Allah will give an increase of His from His bounty. Scholars say that that increase in bounty is that Allah allows them to gaze upon Him when they enter paradise; and they are not given a greater reward than that one.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَتْلُونَ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلاةَ وَأَنفَقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ سِرًّا وَعَلانِيَةً يَرْجُونَ تِجَارَةً لَّن تَبُورَ
لِيُوَفِّيَهُمْ أُجُورَهُمْ وَيَزِيدَهُم مِّن فَضْلِهِ إِنَّهُ غَفُورٌ شَكُورٌ
“Those who recite God’s scripture, keep up the prayer, give secretly and openly from what We have provided for them, may hope for a trade that will never decline; He will repay them in full, and give them extra from His bounty. He is most forgiving and most appreciative” [35. 29-30]

Any act that one engages for the sake of Allah is rewarded, at least, in 10 fold and Allah gives extra from His bounty. In this ayah Recitation does not only refer to reading the Quran but also implementing what you have read from requirements, state of being and virtues. Lastly, this ayah calls on believers to seek Allah’s forgiveness and expect His generous reward.

وَالَّذِي أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ هُوَ الْحَقُّ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بِعِبَادِهِ لَخَبِيرٌ بَصِيرٌ
ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتَابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنَا مِنْ عِبَادِنَا فَمِنْهُمْ ظَالِمٌ لِّنَفْسِهِ وَمِنْهُم مُّقْتَصِدٌ وَمِنْهُمْ سَابِقٌ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ذَلِكَ هُوَ الْفَضْلُ الْكَبِيرُ
“The scripture We have revealed to you [Prophet] is the Truth and confirms the scripture that preceded it. God is well informed about His servants. He sees everything. We gave the blessing of scripture as a heritage to Our chosen servants, some of them wronged their own souls, some stayed between [right and wrong] and some by God’s leave were foremost in Good deeds. That is the greatest favour…”

These verses tell us about what matters in this life and what doesn’t. God is greater and more worthy of your concern than anything else and the next life is better for you than this one; these two are important truths. If one falls short of the above are instructed by Allah to continually repent for Allah is the all forgiving.

جَنَّاتُ عَدْنٍ يَدْخُلُونَهَا يُحَلَّوْنَ فِيهَا مِنْ أَسَاوِرَ مِن ذَهَبٍ وَلُؤْلُؤًا وَلِبَاسُهُمْ فِيهَا حَرِيرٌ
وَقَالُوا الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَذْهَبَ عَنَّا الْحَزَنَ إِنَّ رَبَّنَا لَغَفُورٌ شَكُور
“They will enter lasting Gardens where they will be adorned with bracelets of gold and pearls, where they will wear silk garments. They will say ‘Praise be to God, who has separated us from all sorrow! Our Lord is truly most forgiving, most appreciative.”

These verses remind us of the vastness of the next life that is open to the ones of faith. They also remind us to prioritize the next life over this one and to act accordingly. Lastly, the Quran calls us to be content with our Lord fully in this life, have gratitude to Allah and to praise Him. Reciting the Quran with reflection allows one to reach all of this.


[1] [Video Lecture] Becoming People of the Qur’an – Shaykh Abdullah el-Haddad (https://youtu.be/2kLYcRzjXQY)

[2] [On-Demand Course] Living the Quran: Ghazali’s Manners of Qur’an Recital with Shaykh Faraz Rabbani (#/)

[3] [Podcast Show] Qur’an Tafsir: Understanding the Word of Allah (https://seekersguidance.org/names/quran-tafsir-understanding-the-word-of-allah/)

In this series Shaykh Faraz will be looking at points of reflection from key verses in the Quran. The series will follow the thematic order of Imam Ghazali’s Ihya Ulum al-Din (Renewing the Religious Sciences). The aim is to connect the key verses of guidance from the Book of Allah with the blueprint of renewal, the Ihya, so that we experience a renewal by The Book.

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