Shaykh Faraz Rabbani explains a counsel of Shah Ibn Shuja al-Kirmani, a great righteous scholar of the early Muslims, who would tell his students, “Avoid lying, cheating, and backbiting—and then do what you wish.” [Qushayri, Risala]
These are “foundational vices,” as Imam Arusi explains. Shaykh Faraz explains why each is fundamentally against Prophetic teachings—and how their opposites are the essence of the sunna:
(1) Being truthful (sidq); (2) Being trustworthy (amana); and (3) Saying good about others.
The Messenger of Allah (peace & blessings be upon him) said, “There is no faith in one who can’t be trusted, and there is no religion in one who doesn’t fulfill their commitments.” [Ahmad, and others]
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should say the good or remain silent.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
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