Fasting became obligatory in stages — first, the Prophet (peace be upon him) commanded his Companions (Allah be pleased with them) to fast the day of ‘Ashura; then, Allah Most High revealed the verses that made it obligatory to fast Ramadan, but He gave the Companions (Allah be pleased with them) the option to pay a fidya; then, He revealed the verses that removed this option to pay a fidya.

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"Whoever guides someone to goodness will have a similar reward"-- The Prophet (Peace and Blessings Be Upon Him)