Is the Friday Prayer an Individual Obligation or a Communal Obligation?

Question: Is the Friday Prayer (Jumu’a) an individual obligation (Fard Ayn) or a communal obligation (Fard Kifaya)?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

The Friday prayer (Jumu’a) is individually obligatory on everyone who fits the following seven conditions:

(1) Male
(2) Free
(3) Residing in a city
(4) Healthy (enough that attending the Jumu’a would not cause undue hardship)
(5) Safe from oppressors
(6) Able to see
(7) Able to walk

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al -Falah]

Hope this helps
Allahu A’alam

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.