Is the Friday Prayer an Individual Obligation or a Communal Obligation?
Question: Is the Friday Prayer (Jumu’a) an individual obligation (Fard Ayn) or a communal obligation (Fard Kifaya)?
Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate
The Friday prayer (Jumu’a) is individually obligatory on everyone who fits the following seven conditions:
(3) Residing in a city
(4) Healthy (enough that attending the Jumu’a would not cause undue hardship)
(5) Safe from oppressors
(6) Able to see
(7) Able to walk
[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al -Falah]
Hope this helps
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.