Question: Does one have to intend an obligatory prayer as either specifically current performance (ada) or makeup (qada)?
Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
Thank you for your important question.
In general, you do not need to intend whether or not a prayer is a current performance (ada) or a make up (qada).
If one however intends both that it is a current performance and a make-up, the prayer would be invalid (Bushra al Karim, Ba Ishn).
If one repeats a prayer (meaning praying it again in its time after having validly performed it) and does not intend that it is either specifically a current performance and a makeup, then there is a strong argument to say that it counts as a makeup (Hashiya Tuhfat al Muhtaj, Ibn Qasim; Hashiya Tuhfat al Muhtaj, Sharwani).
If however, one repeated the prayer because it was invalid, then it would simply count as current performance.
I pray this helps.
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language