The Prayer of Glorification (salat al-tasbih)

Hanafi Fiqh

Prayer carpet.jpg

The Prayer of Glorification (salat al-tasbih)
صلاة التسبيح

The prayer of glorification (salat al-tasbih) is a recommended prayer that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) encouraged performing as often as one can. It consists of four rakats and 300 glorifications (tasbih), 75 in each rak‘a.

(1) After the opening takbir and opening invocation, recite 15 times:
سُبْحَانَ اللهِ وَالْحَمْدُ للهِ وَلا إِلهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَاللهُ أَكْبَرُ
Subhana’l Llah wa’l-hamdu li’l Llah wa la ilaha illa’l Llah wa’l Llahu akbar
(2) After the recitation, recite 10 times
(3) In bowing, recite 10 times
(4) After bowing, recite 10 times
(5) In prostration, recite 10 times
(6) Between prostrations, recite 10 times
(7) In the second prostration, recite 10 times.

One does likewise in the next three rakats, for a total of 300 glorifications.

This is the description related by Imam Tirmidhi in his Sunan from Abd-Allah ibn al-Mubarak. It is related that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said to his uncle, al-Abbas (Allah be pleased with him), encouraging him to perform this prayer, “… If you perform this, Allah will forgive you your sins–first and last, old and new, accidental and deliberate, minor and major, hidden and manifest… If you can perform this prayer daily, do so. If not, then weekly. If not, then monthly. If not, then each year. If not, then at least once in your lifetime.” Related by Tirmidhi and others. Most hadith masters accepted this as a sound hadith–and the jurists considered it a recommended sunna.

Ibn Abidin quotes one of the great scholars as saying, “No one hears of its great reward and then leaves it except someone lacking religious concern.” [Radd al-Muhtar]