Answered by Mawlana Ilyas Patel
Are the narrations of reading Surat al-Dukhan on a Friday fabricated and weak?
In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate.
I pray you are in good faith and health.
Surat al-Dukhan holds great virtue despite some narrations having a weak chain. Please take a look at the link below.
Abu Hurayra (Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever recites Surat al-Dukhan at night, seventy thousand angels will seek forgiveness on his behalf.” [Tirmidhi]
The great commentators of the Holy Quran, Imam Qurtubi and Hafiz Ibn Kathir, have recorded traditions regarding the virtues of reciting Surat al-Dukhan on the night of Jumu’a. The following are mentioned:
The hadith of Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) in which the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) is reported to have said: “Whoever recites Surat al-Dukhan on the night of Jumu’a, he will get up in the morning with his sins forgiven.” [Tirmidhi; Qurtubi, Tafsir al Qurtubi; Ibn Kathir, Tafsir Ibn Kathir]
Abu Umama (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: “Whoever recites Ha-Meem al-Dukhan on the night of Jumu’a or on the day of Jumu’a, Allah will build a house for him in paradise.” [Qurtubi, Tafsir al-Qurtubi; Tabarani, al-Kabir]
Also, Allama Suyuti (Allah have mercy on him) has mentioned Surat al-Dukhan to be from those suras that do have authentic virtues. [Suyuti, Tadrib al-Rawi]
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I pray this helps with your question.
[Mawlana] Ilyas Patel
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Mawlana Ilyas Patel is a traditionally-trained scholar who has studied in the UK, India, Pakistan, Syria, Jordan, and Turkey. He started his early education in the UK. He went on to complete the hifz of the Quran in India, then enrolled in an Islamic seminary in the UK, where he studied the secular and ‘Aalimiyya sciences. He then traveled to Karachi, Pakistan. He has been an Imam in Rep of Ireland for several years. He has taught hifz of the Quran, Tajwid, Fiqh, and many other Islamic sciences to children and adults onsite and online extensively in the UK and Ireland. He taught at a local Islamic seminary for 12 years in the UK, where he was a librarian and a teacher of Islamic sciences. He currently resides in the UK with his wife. His interest is a love of books and gardening.