Is My Fajr Prayer during Which the Sun Might Have Risen Valid?

Hanafi Fiqh

Answered by Ustadh Sufyan Qufi

Question

I managed to pray my Fajr prayer just as the forbidden time was about to begin, but when I looked at the time on my phone, I think I completed it before the forbidden time began, but I’m unsure.

What should I do in this situation? I’m waiting instead of repeating my prayer since I believe it’s best to confirm it first.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

I pray this finds you in the best of states.

In this situation you assume the validity of your prayer because of the following legal principle in Islamic law:

“Certainty is not lifted by a doubt.” [Ibn Nujaym, al-Ashbah wa’l Nadha’ir; Majallat al-Ahkam al-‘Adiliyya]

Who in turn is based on the following verse of the Quran:

“Most of them follow nothing but conjectures. Surely, conjectures are of no avail in the matter of truth at all.” [Quran, 10:36]

You had the certainty that the prayer time was there at the beginning of the prayer. This certainty is not lifted by your doubts regarding its departure. Thus you can assume the validity of your prayer.

Related Answer:
Is My Fajr Prayer Valid If Sunrise Occurs before Finishing It?

And Allah knows best.
Wassalam
[Ustadh] Sufyan Qufi
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Sufyan Qufi is an advanced seeker of knowledge, originally from Algeria, who grew up in France. He began searching far and wide for answers to the fundamental questions of life and was disappointed at the answers he found.

Then he connected with various traditional teachers and gradually connected with SeekersGuidance. He embarked on his journey of learning through the various teachers at SeekersGuidance, including his mentor Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

He studied numerous texts in Islamic Law, Theology, Hadith, and other areas with Shaykh Faraz Rabbani and other teachers, including Shaykh Abdurrahman al-Sha‘ar, Shaykh Ali Hani, and others.

He is an active instructor at SeekersGuidance and answers questions through the SeekersGuidance Answers Service.