When Does Ghusl Become Obligatory in Relation to Emission of Sexual Fluid and Penetration?

Hanafi Fiqh

Answered by Mawlana Ilyas Patel


When does ghusl become obligatory in relation to sexual fluid emission and penetration? Is ghusl or merely wudu necessary or none for both male and female if no sperm (Mani) is ejected?


In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate.

I pray you are in good faith and health. Thank you for your question.

Ghusl will be obligatory when any of the following two events occurs:

  • The emission of sperm/sexual fluid (mani) that leaves its normal place inside the body with pleasure (even if it exits without pleasure for other reasons, such as a wet dream or by looking at someone or something with lust);
  • The disappearance of the head of the penis into the vagina, or the anus, of a living human being whose body is desirable, even if without the emission of sexual fluid. [Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Tahtawi, Hashiyat al-Tahtawi ‘Ala Maraqi al-Falah]


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I pray this helps with your question.
[Mawlana] Ilyas Patel
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Mawlana Ilyas Patel is a traditionally-trained scholar who has studied in the UK, India, Pakistan, Syria, Jordan, and Turkey. He started his early education in the UK. He went on to complete the hifz of the Quran in India, then enrolled in an Islamic seminary in the UK, where he studied the secular and ‘Aalimiyya sciences. He then traveled to Karachi, Pakistan. He has been an Imam in Rep of Ireland for several years. He has taught hifz of the Quran, Tajwid, Fiqh, and many other Islamic sciences to children and adults onsite and online extensively in the UK and Ireland. He taught at a local Islamic seminary for 12 years in the UK, where he was a librarian and a teacher of Islamic sciences. He currently resides in the UK with his wife. His interest is a love of books and gardening.