Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan
Question: Assalam alaykum,
If before marriage Zaid takes an oath that after
marriage if he utters any word it will count as a divorce, will his wife be divorced if utters any word according to Shaf’i fiqh?
Answer: Assalamu alaykum
Shukran for your question.
The Messenger of Allah (peace & blessings be upon him) said, “There is no divorce prior to marriage” [ibn Majah and others]. Accordingly, Shaf’i scholars amongst other schools of fiqh, held that divorce would not be valid in the instance where a man, prior to marriage pronounces that any lady that he marries, is divorced. Similarly, they opined, that the divorce will not be valid when he addresses a specific lady saying to her, “If I marry you, you are divorced”. [Iqna’]
Explaining the reasoning behind the non-occurrence of these divorces, Imam al-Shafi’i said, “because the utterance that holds the ruling (of divorce) emenated from one that did not own (the right) of divorce.” [Kitab al-Umm]
Accordingly, the divorce of Zayd in the question above will not occur if he was to marry and then utter words. This is so, because he pronounced a divorce while he was not entitled to issue one.
And Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan
Shaykh Abdurragmaan received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.