Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch
Abu Musa said that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) disavowed himself of women who raise their voices and shave their heads (at times of loss).
Does it mean if a woman shaves their head or speaks loudly, they will not be Muslim because they are disavowed?
In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate
The only thing that will take someone out of Islam into disbelief is rejecting those things required for one to enter Islam. [Tahawi, al-‘Aqida al-Tahawiyya]
Sins, even major ones, do not take one out of the fold of Islam.
The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and give him peace) disavowing indicates the wrongful nature of these sins and his disassociation with them.
The disavowing or negating of faith is understood to be a sign that one is not living up to the teachings of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace) and/or is not acting according to the dictates of their faith.
It is with this interpretation we understand all the narrations that contain the wording:
“He does not believe, who (does such and such action):
- who cannot be trusted [Ahmad]
- his neighbor is not saved from his evil [Bukhari; Muslim]
Or “Not from us (i.e., from the Muslims), who:
- who deceives us [Ahmad]
- doesn’t respect the elders [Ahmad; Tabarani]
- doesn’t show mercy to the youth [Ibid.]
Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and a number of texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019.