Can I Eat During the Day While Having My Menses in Ramadan?

Hanafi Fiqh

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Assalamu alaykum

Some scholars say that it is permissible for a woman to eat and drink if she gets menses during fasting but some scholars say that if a woman gets menses while fasting she should not eat and drink until the fast opens. Could you clarify?

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh

I pray you are well. Thank you for you question.

There are two rulings regarding eating and menstruation:

1. If a lady starts a day fasting and then her menstrual cycle starts before sunset, she should eat, as this means that the fast of the day does not count. She does not need to imitate those who are fasting, because the ruling of fasting does not apply to a lady who is menstruating or someone has post-natal bleeding. She should eat discreetly though, and not publicly.

2. If a lady’s menstrual cycle ends in Ramadan before sunset, she cannot eat until sunset. This is because when the cycle ended she entered into a state in which the rulings of fasting applies to her, but she cannot fast that day, so out of the reverence due to the month she cannot eat until sunset. The same ruling applies to someone who was not fasting because he was travelling; if he reaches home before sunset, he cannot eat until sunset for the same reason.

(Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah).

I hope that clarifies matters for you.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.