Answered by Ustadha Sulma Badrudduja
Question: Assalamu alaikum,
1.When reading the Qura’an sometimes I come across parts where one should make sujud, I am a female so, do I have to cover my hair and body before I make this sajdah?
2. When praying sunnah or fard sometimes I forget to do a few things or get mixed up so please inform me what I should do when:
a. I forget to make tashahod after 2 raqa’as.
b. I make an extra tashahod between raqa’as.
c.I forget so say ‘subhanallaho ala’la’ in sujood (because I keep making duaah instead)
d. I say alfatiha and forget to recite another surah and realise I did that when I am in ruquu’a
Is my prayer still valid?
Obviously this doesn’t happen in every prayer, but somehow i get mixed up even when I am trying my best to concentrate.
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I hope you are doing well inshaAllah.
1. The conditions for making a prostration of recital (sajda al-tilawa) are almost like the conditions for prayer. One needs to be in a state of wudu, face the qibla, and cover the `awra (nakedness). For the woman, the `awra for prayer is everything except the face, hands, and feet. [Al-Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]
2. How to rectify a prayer with mistakes or forgotten actions depends on the type of mistake. If one forgets a fard (obligatory) action, the prayer is not valid and needs to be repeated. None of the scenarios you mentioned involves leaving a fard action.
If one leaves a wajib (necessary) action forgetfully, then a prostration of forgetfulness is made at the end of the prayer and the prayer doesn’t need to be repeated. This would be cases a, b, and d that you mentioned. However, if the forgetfulness prostration is not done, then it is wajib to repeat the prayer.
If you leave a sunna, you do not need to do anything to rectify the prayer and your prayer remains valid. Case c that you mentioned is an example of this.
Please see see these answers which include important related information:
I highly recommend studying the fiqh of prayer for more about the rulings (fard, wajib, sunna, etc) of the different actions in the prayer.
May Allah increase you and us.
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani