Question: Asalamu alaykum. I wonder, if a person intentionally breaks the lockdown rules and ends up passing on the virus, unintentionally, to someone vulnerable and they pass away, would that person be held accountable for their actions and breaking of the rules on the day of judgment?
Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.
I pray you are well.
Usually, there are legal consequences for being a direct, but accidental cause for the death of another. [Marghinani, al-Hidaya] From this, we can assume that there will be some form of questioning on the Day of Judgement. However, the matter lies in Allah’s hands.
There are many factors at play, and it may be that the precise cause of someone contracting the illness is unknown to us. There is also the matter of negligence and what it entails. We can be confident that Allah is absolutely just – which means someone who deserves to be questioned for His actions will be asked.
All matters will be taken care of perfectly on that day. Be sure of that, and be confident that no wrong will go unnoticed. Try not to focus on that matter. Focus on keeping yourself and others safe, and trust that everyone dies at the time they were meant to and that Allah uses such illnesses to manifest His mercy on believers.
May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital and he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.