Can you explain the position of the Asharis and Maturidis on cause and effect?
Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.
I pray you are well.
It seems like you are talking about two issues here. Firstly, everything has a cause, except Allah. Allah is the cause of everything and nothing “caused” Him. The evidence of this is the proof known as Infinite Regression.
As for all other causes and effects, they are all created. Allah created the cause and the effect in every situation. The knife is the cause, and the cut is the effect, and neither is independent of Allah. They just appear together because Allah has wisely decided to make the world a place of means.
Please take on of our ‘Aqida course for more detail. If you have the requisite Arabic skills the course on Imam Bajuri’s commentary on the Sanusiyya will explain this in detail.
May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital and he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.