Answered by Shaykh Irshaad Sedick
If I hear music being played in my house, for example, nursery rhymes, I am not putting them on. Do I have to turn it off when I have the chance? I am curious to know if it’s correct.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate.
May Allah alleviate our difficulties and guide us to what pleases Him. Amin.
If you can turn it off when it doesn’t cause bigger issues, you should, but if you can’t (if it’s going to cause bigger family issues, for example), you are not accountable for the deeds of others, and Allah knows best.
Each of the four Schools of Law, the Hanafî, Maliki, Shafi‘i, and Hanbali Schools, regard song accompanied by musical instruments as unlawful (haram). [Karaan, The Islamic Ruling on Music and Raising Funds via Unlawful Means]
Shafiʿi School on Music
Imam al-Nawawi states in Minhaj at‐Talibin: Singing without musical accompaniment is makruh, as is listening to it. It is haram to use an instrument that is characteristic of those who consume intoxicants, such as the tunbur (an instrument resembling the mandolin), the ‘Oud (lute), the sanj (cymbal), the ‘Iraqi mizmar (a type of flute), but not the yura‘ (flute). (This exception is the view of Imam al‐Rafi’i. Imam al‐Nawawi disagrees with him, saying:) I say: It (the yura‘) is also unlawful (haram) according to the more correct opinion. According to the more correct view, it is allowed for weddings and circumcision ceremonies, and other (similar) occasions, even if it may have tiny cymbals. It is unlawful to beat the kubah, which is a tall drum with a narrow middle. [Shirbini, Mughni al-Muhtaj]
Individual Scholars Who Permitted Music (Within Limits)
Contending that the evidence for the prohibition of music is either weak, ambiguous, or both, scholars such as al-Qadi Abu Bakr Ibn al- ‘Arabi, Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, Ibn al-Nahwi, Ibn Tahir, Ibn Hazm, and Shaykh Yusuf al-Qaradawi.
While the above individual scholars permitted music, their strict rules (such as lawful lyrics and rhythms which do not “intoxicate”) should always be considered. Many contemporary scholars hold this view, which is probably easier in light of current circumstances, and Allah knows best.
Music Outside of Our Control
Concerning music beyond our control, such as computer sounds and what we hear in passing, one has no control over the actions of others and will not be held accountable by Allah for their deeds. Allah says: “And every soul earns not (blame) except against itself, and no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another.” [Quran 6:164]
The Music We Can Control
The Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace) said: “Whosoever of you sees [or hears] an evil, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then [let him change it] with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart — and that is the weakest of faith.” [Muslim]
Most contemporary popular music is unlawful to listen to because they predominantly contain unlawful lyrics and keep one away from the remembrance of Allah. [Baig, Slippery Stone]
We, therefore, urge you to practice caution even when relying on the view that allows some forms of music, and Allah knows best.
I pray this is of benefit and that Allah guides us all.
[Shaykh] Irshaad Sedick
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Shaykh Irshaad Sedick was raised in South Africa in a traditional Muslim family. He graduated from Dar al-Ulum al-Arabiyyah al-Islamiyyah in Strand, Western Cape, under the guidance of the late world-renowned scholar Shaykh Taha Karaan.
Shaykh Irshaad received Ijaza from many luminaries of the Islamic world, including Shaykh Taha Karaan, Mawlana Yusuf Karaan, and Mawlana Abdul Hafeez Makki, among others.
He is the author of the text “The Musnad of Ahmad ibn Hanbal: A Hujjah or not?” He has served as the Director of the Discover Islam Centre and Al Jeem Foundation. For the last five years till present, he has served as the Khatib of Masjid Ar-Rashideen, Mowbray, Cape Town.
Shaykh Irshaad has thirteen years of teaching experience at some of the leading Islamic institutes in Cape Town). He is currently building an Islamic online learning and media platform called ‘Isnad Academy’ and has completed his Master’s degree in the study of Islam at the University of Johannesburg. He has a keen interest in healthy living and fitness.