Habib Abbas al Saqqaf

Guidelines for Flags, Motifs and Symbols Representing Islam

Question: What are the guidelines governing how Muslims should design flags and symbols that represent Islam or Islamic values? What images and themes should be used in Islamic school mascots?


Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

To be quite honest, this question is far beyond me. I will merely try to give some very general guidelines.

The symbol representing Islam or Muslims, should not point to Muslims or any other creation, but rather point and guide to Allah. The symbol should not be that of an animal or human. It should also be exceptionally beautiful and profound.

Fuller answer:

The Point of Art

Plato was very much against art because he saw it a further step away from reality. Muslims would agree with this criticism but would hold that Islamic/spiritual art is of worth in that it brings one closer to the Ultimate Reality: Allah. Any art that points to individuals, personal opinions, or concepts besides Allah himself, is arguably un-Islamic.

Any symbolism used to reflect Islam or Islamic values should not direct the viewer to anything but Allah Himself.


Titus Burckhardt, a proponent of traditionalist thought and connoisseur of Islamic art said,

The absence of icons in Islam has not merely a negative but a positive role. By excluding all anthropomorphic images, at least within the religious realm, Islamic art aids man to be entirely himself. Instead of projecting his soul outside himself, he can remain in his ontological centre where he is both the viceregent (khalîfa) and slave (‘abd) of God. Islamic art as a whole aims at creating an ambience which helps man to realize his primordial dignity; it therefore avoids everything that could be an ‘idol’, even in a relative and provisional manner. Nothing must stand between man and the invisible presence of God. Thus Islamic art creates a void; it eliminates in fact all the turmoil and passionate suggestions of the world, and in their stead creates an order that expresses equilibrium, serenity and peace’ (Mirror of the Soul, Titus Burckhardt).

There are also countless hadith in Bukhari, Muslim, and elsewhere that prohibits depicting animate life. Please see:
Thus symbols used to represent Islam or Islamic values or organizations should not use pictures of animate life.

Functionality and Simplicity

Islamic art has always served a function and thus been simple. From minarets to rosaries, Qur’an illumination to wudu pools, it was always a function that leads to art, and there was never art for art’s sake. That said, the ultra simplicity observed in the Sunna is not to be misunderstood. Poverty was rife at the time and spending time or money on making things look nicer was definitely not a priority. In this regard, we have to kind of apply the principle ‘Do as I say, not what I do.’ After all, the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) encouraged beauty and beautifying things on many occasions. To  give a very relevant example, the Prophet’s war banners were very simple: straight black, white, grey, or yellow (Subul al Huda wa al Rashad, Salihi).  Just because art was very simple in their time, it doesn’t necessarily mean that it would not be recommended for us to come up with some more reflective of the guidance that he (Allah bless him and give him peace) taught us.

Please also see:


Symbols, be they flags, emblems, or mascots, that represent Islam or Muslims should be tools that serve a purpose, point to Allah and not individuals, and should be simple but not too simple.

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language