Answered By Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Question:If your mother in law is divorced and only receives state support (about Euro 300 a month + govt. flat) – can you give her your Zakat? More generally if someone is not above the Nisaab but has a regular income do they qualify for zakat.
Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Benevolent, the Merciful
Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits
It is permissible to give one’s zakat to a needy in-law. In fact, there is greater reward in doing so than in giving zakat to strangers, as it also has the meaning of maintaining family ties (silat al-rahim). [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Ala’ al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]
It is only impermissible to give one’s zakat to one’s most immediate relations: (1) spouse; (2) parents and their parents; (3) children and their children. (It isn’t impermissible to give one’s zakat to one’s siblings, though.) [ibid.]
And Allah alone gives success.