Is It Disbelief to Kill Lice on the Pages of a Quran? How Does One Clean the Blood from the Quranic Pages?

Hanafi Fiqh

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch

Question

Suppose a young Muslim girl killed lice on several pages of the Quran while reciting the Quran. She remembers it being before puberty but could have done it after she started menstruating.

She has repented after realizing it was disbelief, but what about the Quranic pages with blood stains? What should she do to right the wrongs? Should she go through the pages of the Quran, and how should she clean that as well? Is she a non-believer, and if so, how will she repent?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

It is not disbelief to kill lice on the Quran, even though one must abstain from doing so. This is even more true of a young child who has yet to reach legal maturity (puberty). Disbelief is to reject tenets of faith that one is required to believe in order to be a Muslim. [Tahawi, al-Aqida al-Tahawiyya]

The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “The pen (i.e., of the book of deeds) has been raised (i.e., does not write the sins) for three: for the one sleeping till they awake, from the child till they reach puberty, and from the mentally challenge till they gain full sanity.” [Tirmidhi]

As for the time you killed lice after reaching puberty, you must repent from this action by being remorseful and resolving never to do it again.

Cleaning Lice Blood

The blood that comes from lice is not impure because it is not flowing blood. In the Hanafi school, blood is only impure if and when it is actually or potentially flowing. The blood in lice is not enough to be considered flowing. [Maydani, al-Lubab fi Sharh al-Kitab]

For this reason, even though it is considered unclean, it is not impure and does not have to be purified.

If you are able to remove the blood stains without further damaging the Quranic text, do so. If not, you may continue to use it despite the stains.

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and a number of texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019.

Arabic References

وَعَنْ عَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: ” رُفِعَ الْقَلَمُ عَنْ ثَلَاثَةٍ: عَنِ النَّائِمِ حَتَّى يَسْتَيْقِظَ وَعَنِ الصَّبِيِّ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ وَعَنِ الْمَعْتُوهِ حَتَّى يعقل “. [رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيّ وَأَبُو دَاوُد]
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ص980 – كتاب مشكاة المصابيح – الفصل الثاني – المكتبة الشاملة