Pray the Duha Prayer

Is it permissible to recite sura al fatiha in just one rakat in salah?

Question Summary

Is it permissible to recite Sura al-Fatiha in only one rak’a of prayer?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

It is necessary to recite Sura al-Fatiha in the following prayers:

(1) Both units of Fajr prayer
(2) The first two units of Dhuhr prayer
(3) The first two units of Asr prayer
(4) The first two units of Maghrib prayer
(5) The first two units of ‘Isha prayer
(6) All of the units of the Witr prayer
(7) All of the units of a voluntary prayer

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

If one accidentally omitted the recitation of Sura al-Fatiha in any one of the units, they must perform the prostrations of forgetfulness. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

If this omission occurs in a 4 unit prayer, the recitation should be made up in the final two units. One would still perform the prostrations of forgetfulness. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

However, if Sura al-Fatiha was omitted intentionally, one is sinful, and it is necessary to repeat such prayer if the prayer time remains. If the time has gone out, it is recommended to repeat that prayer. [Tahtawi,Shurunbulali; Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York, where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and several texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019.