What Is the Ruling regarding Excused Person?

Hanafi Fiqh

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch


I know If a person is unable to control their wind for the duration of a Salah, they are excused. Is it necessary for the wind to come out at least once after the Azan of the new prayer is announced before proceeding to do wudu for it to be considered “unbreakable” from the said condition? Or, if one simply performs wudu as soon as the azan is announced, even if the wind has not yet blown, is that wudu considered “unbreakable”?

It is sometimes difficult to get through a whole wudu without stopping; I am restarting wudu up to ten times or more, which is exhausting and wastes a lot of water. Can I continue wudu even if something comes out in this case?


In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

Being Considered Excused (Ma’dhur)

In order to be considered excused, one must suffer from a condition that actually or effectively does not allow them to perform a valid ablution (wudu) and a whole prayer. [Tahtawi/Shurunbulali, Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]

Please see this link for full details.

The Excused Person

Once one is considered excused, the presence of their excuse (in this case passing wind) only breaks their wudu when that prayer time exits. Note that prayer time is what is important, not the call to prayer. Even though ideally, the call to prayer is done exactly when the prayer time enters, sometimes it is done late. [Ibid.]

Once you establish that you meet the conditions for the excused person, any passing of wind is not seen to immediately break your wudu, even if during the wudu, wind is passed, the wudu is still intact. [Ibid.]

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and a number of texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019.